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By Niels Ole Bernsen, Guy A. Orban, Wolf Singer

This e-book studies the growth made in Europe over the past decade within the box of Cognitive Neuroscience and issues out ideas for the long run.

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Additional info for Cognitive Neuroscience: Research Directions In Cognitive Science: European perspectives, volume 4

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The best one can do is to answer partially the first question, that of localisation. Indeed the value of electrophysiological techniques such as evoked potentials and brain mapping for localising functions can be questioned. Imaging techniques such as Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) or Positron Emission Tomography (PET) can localise lesioned brain areas but the damage due to pathological processes often involves different areas and evolves gradually so that other areas or subsystems can take over.

Very early on, several single cell studies of Jung and his coworkers (Jung, Creutzfeldt, & Grusser, 1957) were devoted to the links with perception. More successful were two other German groups working on invertebrates and amphibians and relating activity in the visual system with visually guided behaviour (prey catching behaviour in Ewert's group and flying in Reichardt's group). K. during the 1970s (Blakemore & Campbell, 1969). Using the cat as an animal model Berkley (1970), Blake and Hirsch (1975) and Mitchell, Giffin, Muir, Blakemore and Van Sluyters (1976) have also contributed to the link between physiology and behaviour.

First, the chapters had to represent areas of European strength and they had to reflect the different views on relations between neuroscience and cognitive science. Second, they had to cover the different reseach themes in cognitive neuroscience: Orban and Zieglgänsberger cover perception in the visual system and in pain, Berthoz and Rizzolatti cover motor planning, Singer and Rolls cover learning and memory, while Vallar deals with language. Third, it was highly desirable to have representatives of different disciplines.

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