By Mikiko Kainuma, Yuzuru Matsuoka, Tsuneyuki Morita
The Asia–Pacific built-in version (AIM) brings jointly greater than 20 desktop simulation types for improvement and research of coverage in such varied fields as weather swap mitigation, pollution abatement, and environment protection. this primary e-book in a sequence at the improvement of goal makes a speciality of weather switch concerns and the assessment of coverage concepts to stabilize the worldwide weather. It provides an outline of the types built so far, their constitution, and the implications and analyses offered to policymakers and researchers on the degrees of person Asian international locations, the Asia–Pacific area, and the area at huge. The contents fluctuate in scope from neighborhood to international matters, with discussions of the consequences of weather rules, rate analyses of weather guidelines with their results on alternate, and international situation analyses. additionally incorporated are influence analyses and the consequences of selling environmental applied sciences.
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Additional info for Climate Policy Assessment: Asia-Pacific Integrated Modeling
AIMlDatabase for AIM/Emission as well as AIM impact has been developed to support the development and utilization of AIM models. As mentioned above, AIM model has been developed as an international collaboration program, and the database has also been developed by the collaborative program. 10 Kainuma, M. et al. 2 Other models of AIM Family Over the years of developing AIM models, a variety of new models, which are interrelated and interconnected, have been added to the family shown in Fig. 1 and Color Plate 1.
7). Rather, the CO 2 emissions reductions differ due to the different baseline emissions trajectories. They show that CO 2 emissions will increase first then start to decrease in the second half of the 21 st century. 30 Morita, T. et al. Table 3. Policy option package for stabilization at 550 ppmv (continued) Policy options AlB A2 Bl B2 Carbon tax US$50/t-C Annex 1 countries start from 2000, non-Annex 1 countries start from 2030 US$80/t-C Carbon tax starts from 2000. 1% higher marginal production cost improvement rate To achieve CO 2 stabilization at a given level, CO 2 abatement is mainly achieved through a mix of technological progress in the energy end use sector and supply sector, structural changes in the economy with a trend toward dematerialization and lifestyle changes.
Many countries in the region share problems that arise from rapid industrialization, population growth, and the increasing concentration of people in cities. With energy consumption increasing rapidly, the region is a major and growing driver of climate change. On the other hand, the region will suffer significant damage from climate change in terms of its impact on water resources, agriculture, ecosystems, and natural disasters. The Asia-Pacific region has been emerging as a dominant force for human responses to climate change.