By M. L. Windsor, P. Hutchinson (auth.), Derek Mills, David Piggins (eds.)
At current fishing for salmon in Norwegian domestic water is performed with glide nets, bag nets, bend nets, elevate nets and stake nets within the sea, and almost always by means of rods within the rivers. seize facts were gathered for the reason that 1876, yet reliability of the information is questionable. The premiums of exploitation on many Norwegian salmon shares are very excessive, and information are provided and mentioned for River Laerdal, River Eira and River Imsa shares. because of this heavy exploitation with nets, the frequency of net-marked salmon getting into rivers is excessive in particular for griIse, even if such a lot net-marked salmon are just just a little broken. it's endorsed that mortality of salmon which are net-damaged listen or in brackish water is comparatively small in comparison with salmon that break out from nets at the excessive seas. a few attainable results of selective fishing also are mentioned. 159 prestige of Exploitation of Atlantic Salmon in Norway REFERENCES Anon. (l985a) Salmon and sea trout fisheries 1984. valuable Bureau of facts of Norway, Oslo - Kongsvinger, ninety six pp. (in Norwegian with English precis) Anon. (I985b) record of assembly of operating staff on North Atlantic salmon. ICES C. M. 1985/ examine, eleven, sixty seven pp. Angelsen, okay. ok. and Holm, M. (I978) Rapport om garnforslllk med laks, Fisk og Fiskestell, . ; 15-17. (in Norwegian) Berg, M. , Abrahamsen, B. and Berg, O. okay. (I986) Spawning of injured in comparison to unhurt woman Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Aquaculture and Fisheries administration, l.
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Additional resources for Atlantic Salmon: Planning for the Future The Proceedings of the Third International Atlantic Salmon Symposium – held in Biarritz, France, 21–23 October, 1986
3 RESOURCE EXPLOIT AnON River environment In large rivers such as the Loire, Garonne, the resource is exploited by commercial and sport fisheries. Commercial fisheries differ according to the environment. In estuaries and in the 'mixed' zone, determined by legislation, it is practised by means of drag nets, in river by stop nets. Sport fishermen also take into consideration this hydrological and statutory differentiation: in estuaries and in the 'mixed' zone, they utilise nets, in rivers fishing lines.
In Canada, the sacrifices are enormous for nearly all user groups. Side by side with those restrictive harvesting measures is the multi-million dollar effort devoted to infrastructure. Given the severity of the restrictions imposed and the money spent and committed by both Canada and the United States, it seems only fair these countries should demand that all other salmon-producing or salmon-harvesting nations should demonstrate a similar concern for salmon conservation. In closing let me repeat a few of my words from the Edinburgh Symposium.
There are approximately 425 licence holders involved, and the original fund proposed by the Government amounted to some 4 miUion doUars. Through negotiations with its commercial fishermen, New Brunswick this year offered an additional 2 miUion doUars which brought the fund up to $4 miHion (not including Ottawa's $2 miUion). Salmon conservationists, through the Atlantic Salmon Federation (ASF) have been urging the governments to proceed with the buy-back programme as expeditiously as possible. The ASF has indicated that it is prepared to add a further $2 miUion to the buy-back fund in the belief that an extra few thousand doUars per licence may be the incentive required to encourage the majority of commercial licence holders to accept this offer.