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By Öznur Sevdiren

The ebook makes a speciality of some of the most challenging parts of Turkish penal justice: the overreliance on custodial measures and a corresponding development within the criminal inhabitants, and compares Turkey with significant eu international locations during this admire: England and Wales and Germany. The underlying query in the course of the examine is the level to which felony choices could be visible as real choices to speedy custodial sentences.

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Additional info for Alternatives to Imprisonment in England and Wales, Germany and Turkey: A Comparative Study

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G. see, von Birkmeyer, K. (1909) Studien zu dem Hauptgrundsatz der Modernen Richtung im Strafrecht, Leipzig, Engelmann, p. 17. 36 von Liszt, Der Zweckgedanke im Strafrecht, pp. 42–49. 37 In the face of the reality of prisons, as argued above, this consensus also implied the need for cutting down the ‘clientele’ of prison whose offending behaviour is rather occasional. 38 The ‘salvation’ of these criminals, it was believed, required the establishment of alternative measures in order to remove them from prison.

2, von Liszt, op. , Die Reform der Freiheitsstrafe, p. 513. 4 The Legislative Developments: The Birth of Alternative Punishments 23 against short-term imprisonment’51 is von Liszt with the statement that a short prison sentence is “worthless, indeed harmful. 53 The fine, as the major non-custodial sentence, was often, in the face of the inability of the offenders to pay, far from being an alternative to short-term imprisonment. Although there were enthusiastic arguments for imposing a fine after a thorough assessment of the defendant’s income and resources,54 in the absence of such measures in sentencing, default detention was often unavoidable, as will be touched upon later in Chaps.

1007/978-3-642-17351-6_2, # Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011 13 14 2 Some Reflections on the History and Development of Alternatives to Prison innovative and practically sustainable forms of early prison alternatives. The second period focuses on the rapid proliferation of non-custodial penalties since the 1970s. 2 ‘Reforming’ Prisons and Prisoners: Setting the Scene for the Concept of Alternatives to Imprisonment The terms ‘prison alternatives’ and ‘non-custodial penalties’ have long been used interchangeably to reflect the common characteristic of an array of sanctions that are executed outside the prison realm.

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