By D. W. Davies (auth.)
This quantity is an try and provide the yank reader an idea of the level of the Dutch community of exchange within the 17th century. even if a few attempt is made to caricature out, even though in brief, the actions of the Dutch in quite a few areas in the course of the century, emphas1s has been put on their first front into those parts in that interval. In every one sector the products which the Netherlanders obtained were indicated in addition to the goods they traded for them. The association of the chapters demands a proof. scholars of Dutch historical past will examine Surat and Persia as a common unit, and of Malabar and Ceylon, Japan and China, West Africa and Brazil as being different entities which one might obviously talk about jointly. i've got followed the extra noticeable nationwide divisions, Persia, India, Japan, Brazil, etc., as being extra simply com prehensible for the informal reader. in the chapters i've got then defined the alternate connections among West Africa and Brazil, Surat and Persia, and so forth.
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Extra resources for A Primer of Dutch Seventeenth Century Overseas Trade
Still, some traffic continued despite war and religion, bringing a livelihood to many Dutchmen and aiding and augmenting the other oversea trades which the Netherlanders developed in the century. Perhaps it should be added that after the War of the Spanish Succession, Dutch-French trade again became very important. The French historian Henri See declares that in 1715 the Dutch 21 France maintained their commercial position intact and their superiority and power was such that almost every attempt of the French government and the rulers of Prussia to establish direct commercial relations between the two countries was foiled by the Dutch.
In the same year also, both Venice and Tuscany placed important grain orders in Holland, and Venice sent a skillful and shrewd nobleman, Francesco Moresini, to the Netherlands to buy wheat. In any event, the prohibition decreed by the States General was not too effective, since the Amsterdam merchants simply sent their ships around Scotland to French ports. There French passports were obtained for Italian ports and the vessels continued on as before. In view of the powerful persuasives to continue the trade, and since it could not be stopped anyhow, the embargo on the trade was conveniently forgotten and the grain ships allowed to sail.
In 1609 the Dutch sent an ambassador to the Venetian republic, Cornelis van der Mijle, Curator of the University of Leyden and son-in-law of Oldenbarnevelt. Later, in 1620, the States sent Francoys van Aerssen, and the Venetians sent (in 1616) Christofforo Suriano to The Hague. Reports of Dutch ships at Venice are fragmentary but give an impression of a noteworthy trade. In February 1616, for example, eighteen Dutch ships lay at anchor at Venice, and two months later ten more arrived from Sicily.